Manual QA

Run tests by using your software like the end-user would to make sure it offers a seamless user experience and runs smoothly on all devices

What is Manual Testing?

Manual software quality assurance is the process where the tester is performing a series of tests – using the software like the end user would – to compare the behavior of the developed code against expected behavior and make sure it works according to the specified requirements. Manual testing is flexible, has low entry costs, and offers the very important ‘human factor’ when testing usability.

When Is Manual Testing Used?

The type of testing, manual or automation, depends on various factors, including project requirements, budget, timeline, expertise, and suitability. Organizations need to understand these requirements to be able to decide when using manual testing tools best suit the situation.

Here are some instances where manual testing is preferred:

Exploratory Testing

Manual testing is preferred when you need to execute exploratory testing in which testers are involved in minimum planning and maximum test execution. This approach is most useful when there are no or very poor specifications, and time is limited. So the testing relies on the tester’s skills and innovation.

Usability Testing

You can use automated testing to find errors, but you can’t use it to measure user-friendliness, efficiency or convenience of use of the software for the end users. These types of tests have to be performed manually.

Ad-hoc Testing

In ad-hoc testing, there’s usually no specific approach or scenario to be followed. It is totally unplanned method of testing where the tester’s understanding and insights are the only important factors.

Advantages of Using Manual QA

Manual testing has several advantages over automated testing. First, it is less costly to set up, can be used in both, small and big projects, and is easy to plan.

Some advantages that make it a better choice than automated testing are:

Flexibility

Manual testing has some obvious benefits over automated testing, especially when specific aspects of a project require more attention. It allows testers to be more flexible in their operations. Unlike automated testing where the same code and scripts are run every time, manual testing lets you adjust the tests to the new requirements and quickly test and see results.

Working on Short-Term Projects

When you have a short-term project it is a lot easier to use manual testing concepts because it is faster and cheaper to set up. It’s the obvious choice when only some minor features are changed or added, and the rest of the code stays unaffected.

Human Factor

Usability is one of the main factors that define the success or failure of an application. That is why it is always better to perform usability testing manually instead of relying on automated testing because software cannot provide the type feedback that a human user would when using an app. Manual testing is not only useful for finding errors and problems, but can also explore how users would interact with a certain feature or if the app is easy to navigate.