Essential Full-Stack Web Developer Skills in 2023
Full-stack developers are one of the most sought-after professions in the IT industry. They are typically proficient in the front and back end of engineering and development of web process applications, with some experience and knowledge in UX design and in database architecture. For the flexibility and extensive skill set, full-stack developers are one of the most high-paying jobs in the IT industry. The estimated number of open roles in the US alone as of March 2023 concluded to around 4,452 according to Glassdoor, with the annual income ranging from $63,000 to $190,000.
Who is a Full-Stack Developer?
A web developer or engineer proficient in both the front-end and back-end of web development is known as a full-stack developer. In this way, they offer a service from start to finish and can work on projects that involve databases and creating websites that are visible to users. On the front end, they are responsible for the user interface, meaning the visual elements of the website or what the end user sees, and browser compatibility. On the back end, they are responsible for the maintenance of the underlying components, such as servers, APIs, and databases. Full-stack developers might also collaborate with clients during the project planning phase.
In general, full-stack developers have a broad range of skills and are responsible for the entire development process of a website or application, from design to deployment.
What Does a Full-Stack Developer Do?
The role of a full-stack developer on a project calls for a hefty list of tasks and responsibilities on the part of the developer. When working full-stack, one might be involved in developing different app components and functionality, creating the visual part of the website and optimizing these websites so they work both in web browsers, on desktops, and on other devices like smartphones and tablets.
Let’s explore what skills and the learning path an upcoming Full-Stack Developer might need to pursue.
The term HTML or Hypertext Markup Language refers to the markup language which is used to create the structure of a webpage. It is one of the strongest languages for building websites and is easy to learn. Tags are used to represent the HTML elements. On the website, those tags create the structure and act as placeholders for the page content such as text, images, and other media.
CSS or Cascading Style Sheets is a declarative styling language that is used to establish what the website is going to look like. Selectors in CSS are patterns used to select the elements on an HTML page and rules that specify the styles to be applied to the selected elements. This way you can go through the website elements previously determined by the HTML tags, and give them a certain look in terms of layout, color scheme, style, etc. Note that CSS is a styling language, and it doesn’t change the structure of the website, that’s the job of HTML. Additionally, while CSS is used to enhance the visual representation of a webpage, it doesn’t add any functionality.
One of the primary tools developers use to communicate with a site database is SQL or Structured Query Language. It is an essential part of any full-stack developer’s skill set. Any system that stores data in row-and-column table formats uses SQL as its default programming language.
The Python web framework Flask gives developers the resources, libraries, and technologies they need to create a web application.
Python is a popular computer programming language used to create software and websites, automate tasks, and analyze data.
Ruby on Rails
Ruby on Rails is primarily used to build web platforms. It is generally a good choice if you are looking for high performance, reliability, and fast results.
Other Essential Skills:
Git and Github
What distinguishes the two? To put it simply, Git is a version control system that enables you to manage and monitor the history of your source code. You can manage Git repositories with the cloud-based hosting service GitHub. GitHub is made to help you manage open-source projects that use Git in a better way.
GitHub tracks the various modifications made to each iteration and hosts your source code projects in various programming languages. Therefore, “Git” refers to the version control system; a tool that lets developers keep track of how often their code is changed.
Through command-line features, issues or threaded discussions, pull requests, code review, or the use of a collection of free and paid apps in the GitHub Marketplace, developers have all the tools they need to deliver better code.
You can automatically back up and protect important data with electronic data storage. Full-stack developers should have proficient knowledge of database management and understand how to work with database storage efficiently.
Basic design skills are necessary to create products that give users experiences that are meaningful and relevant. That is known as user experience (UX) design. This includes the design of the entire acquisition and integration process of the product, including branding, design, usability, and function.
Generally knowing the basics helps the full-stack developer to better understand what the end user needs and do both front and backend of a website without external help from designers.
HTTP and REST
Web interactions like loading webpages, streaming video, and other forms of communication between web browsers and web servers are powered by HTTP, which stands for HyperText Transfer Protocol. The translator between the frontend and backend is REST, which stands for “Representational State Transfer.”
The process of designing, developing, and putting an internet-based computer program into operation is known as web architecture. Frequently, web engineers plan these projects for a specific reason, organization or brand, as these websites contain valuable data and functionality for the client. It’s important to create a proper web architecture that would meet client requirements.
Essential Soft Skills for a Full-Stack Web Developer
“Likability is a soft skill that leads to hard results.”Mo Bunnell.
Interactions and cohesiveness of a team are just as important as writing the code. Soft skills like patience, empathy, communication, and time management are essential for developers to increase their job market value and be a good addition to any team. Full-stack web developers can also use their positive attitude to build great relationships with the clients they meet throughout their careers and expand their professional network.
As a soft skill, time management is a must. The ability to properly manage your time includes meeting deadlines, prioritizing tasks, and knowing how to set goals. As an IT specialist how you manage your time with your tasks may reflect on the work of the entire team and the success of the project.
In the industry, effectively communicating with your teammates is the key to your success. If everybody is on par with what to do, the project will go smoothly without major blocks or setbacks. Of all the soft skills, this is probably the most important one and hardest to master. Full-Stack Developers are involved in every part of project development so it is important to be able to communicate with different team members and departments so that everyone is on the same page.
A set of soft skills for dealing with difficult, unexpected, or complicated workplace issues is known as problem-solving. The mastery of this skill will make you an attractive asset to any employer, even if you are applying to an entry-level position. This means that you should not only be able to recognize the problem and come up with a plan of action, but also predict any issues before they arise and act accordingly.
Workplace development experts and corporate leaders alike encourage employees to “take accountability” for their role and strive for excellent performance. Therefore, accountability is one of the most widely promoted soft skills in business. When you work in a team, it is extremely important to take responsibility not only for your own tasks but the project as a whole.
Creativity relates to many of the other soft skills mentioned above, such as coming up with a creative solution to communicate with your team or finding your way out of a problem. This skill can be useful in every field and industry, not only in IT. Creativity can help you work your way out of issues that you encounter every day in your work, resolve any workplace conflicts, propose ideas for the project, communicate efficiently with the client, etc.
Where can I learn?
In our day and age, learning to code is as simple as ever. A lot of websites offer free training from professionals, certification courses, webinars, insightful articles, and practical advice from established experts in the industry. Then there are books, podcasts, YouTube tutorials, at-home practice projects, and other traditional learning methods that can help you get closer to your professional goal. Although there are always exceptions, many full-stack developer internships are made available to students who are actively pursuing a Computer Science degree. This provides up-and-coming developers with the opportunity to earn money while learning on the job.
If you’re just starting out in your journey to Full-Stack Development, you may want to take a look at some of the websites that offer a general overview or professional courses, like Udemy, Skillshare, freeCodeCamp, OdinProject, Simplilearn. Many of the courses are available for free but you may also want to pursue certifications from reliable companies that will get you a job easier in the future.
Pursuing the path of the Full-Stack developer is not an easy task. It’s very challenging but also rewarding at the same time. The demand for professionals is increasing every year, which is one of the reasons why it is so worth it. There are many important skills that you need to acquire to get started, and you should remember that you will never really stop learning to build a successful career as a Full-stack Web Developer.